Hyperactive child – features of children and their upbringing
The concept of “hyperactivity” appeared recently. People apply it to every active and mobile child. If a baby is energetic, ready to play all day long without a single sign of fatigue and may be interested in several things at the same time – this does not mean that he is hyperactive.
How to distinguish an active child from a hyperactive
Activity, energy and curiosity is an indicator of health and normal development. After all, a sick and weak baby behaves sluggishly and quietly. The active child is in constant motion, he does not sit in one place for a minute, he is interested in everything, asks a lot and speaks a lot himself, while he is able to rest and sleep normally. Such activity is not always and everywhere. A crumb can be fidget at home, and in a garden or away, behave calmly. He can be carried away by quiet occupation, he does not show aggression and rarely becomes the initiator of scandals.
The behavior of a hyperactive child is different. Such a kid moves a lot, he continues to do this constantly and even after he is tired. He suffers from sleep disorders, often makes tantrums and cries. A child with hyperactivity syndrome also asks many questions, but rarely hears out the answers until the end. They are difficult to manage, he does not react to prohibitions, restrictions and shouts, is always active and can initiate quarrels, and at the same time shows uncontrollable aggression: fights, cries and bites. Hyperactive children can be determined by the features that should appear continuously for at least six months.
Features of hyperactive children:
problems with fine motor skills, clumsiness;
uncontrollable motor activity, for example, gesticulating with his hands, constantly rubbing his nose, pulling his hair;
inability to focus on one lesson or subject;
cannot sit still;
forgets important information;
lack of a sense of fear and self-preservation;
speech disorders, too fast slurred speech;
frequent and sudden mood swings;
resentment and irritability, may suffer from low self-esteem;
has difficulty learning.
signs of a hyperactive child
Due to the age characteristics of children, the diagnosis “hyperactivity” is made only after 5-6 years. This syndrome is strongly manifested in school, when a child begins to have difficulties with working in a team and with mastering subjects. With age, restlessness and overgrowth pass, but inability to concentrate and impulsivity often remain.
Causes of hyperactivity
Parents should understand that hyperactivity in children is not a feature of nature, but a violation of the nervous system. So far, it has not been possible to establish the true cause of the syndrome. Many scientists are of the opinion that it can develop due to the nature of the structure or functioning of the brain, genetic predisposition, problematic pregnancy, birth trauma and the transmission of infectious diseases in infancy.
Treatment of hyperactivity in children
The feasibility of medical treatment of hyperactivity syndrome is still in question. Some experts believe that it is impossible to do without it, while others are of the opinion that psychological correction, physical therapy and a comfortable emotional environment are capable of helping a child.
For the treatment of hyperactivity in children are used soothing and promoting the improvement of metabolic processes in the brain means. They do not relieve the syndrome, but relieve the symptoms for the period of taking the drugs. Such drugs have a number of side effects, so the need for their use should be determined only by a specialist. Only it is impossible to get along with drug treatment, since it will not be able to impart social skills to a child and does not adapt it to the surrounding conditions. Ideally, the treatment of a hyperactive child should be comprehensive and include observation by a psychologist, a neurologist, the implementation of the recommendations of specialists and the support of parents.
Parental support is important. If a child feels love and receives enough attention, if there is an emotional contact between him and an adult, children’s hyperactivity is less pronounced.
Parents need to:
Provide the child with a calm living environment and a welcoming atmosphere.
Talk with your child calmly and discreetly, less often say “no” or “no” and other words that can create a tense atmosphere.
Not to express displeasure to the child, but to condemn only his actions.
Keep your baby from overwork and stress.
Establish a clear daily routine and control that the child adheres to it.
Avoid places in which there are many people.
Take daily long walks with your child.