Poems – the benefits for the development of children’s memory
A good memory will help in any activity. The ability to memorize and reproduce information is laid down genetically, but without training there will be no result.The classic way of developing memory is memorizing poems.
When to start learning poems
You should read poems to your child and sing songs from birth. The baby does not understand the meaning, but captures melodious rhythms on a subconscious level and reacts differently to them. This is how the future memorization process is prepared.
A reference point for the beginning of learning poems with children, psychologists and teachers do not consider age, but the appearance of the first skills of conscious speech. Most of this happens in 2-3 years. The brain of a small child is developing intensively. Memorization activates biochemical processes and helps the development of thinking.
The benefits of poetry for children
Meaningful age-appropriate poems will benefit not only for the development of memory. Learning them is useful for different abilities of a child:
the formation of phonemic hearing – the distinction of sounds in words;
the solution of speech problems – the pronunciation of difficult sounds;
improvement of oral speech and vocabulary enrichment;
development of intelligence and expanding horizons;
education of the general level of culture and the sense of beauty of the native language;
enrichment with new experience;
overcoming shyness and isolation;
ease in learning foreign languages and memorizing large amounts of information.
The benefits of poetry for children
Tips for parents preschool
Create a clear motivation – to please the grandmother, make a surprise for dad, tell other children in the kindergarten or speak at the festival.
Do not force to teach, turning the process into a serious activity. Learn verse while walking in the park or doing simple homework.
Invite a child to repeat after you when he draws, sculpts, or plays.
Come up with a game in which you need to repeat a count, a quatrain, or a riddle in verse.
Use toys and objects during reading and repetition, which will cause associations in the child and help memorization.
Discuss the content of the verse, ask questions about the characters, the plot, to find out if the meaning is clear, say new words and explain their meaning.
Reading the verse several times, change intonation, voice timbre, or accompany facial expressions and gestures.
Arrange a concert or play with the child in the main role, record the performance on camera – it will entertain and please it.
Tips for parents of younger students
Invite the child to read the poem twice, make sure the correct pronunciation of the words. If he reads badly, read it yourself for the first time.
Ask for a retelling of the content to make sure you understand the meaning.
Help to divide the poem into meaningful passages, choose the right intonation and make pauses.
Let the child learn the verse in parts, repeating two lines two times, then the quatrain.
Check the verse the next day.
The Benefits of Learning Poems
Physiologists advise to consider the leading type of child’s memory: visual, motor, or auditory.
Visual memory – use illustrations or draw pictures with the child that reveal the content of the poem.
Auditory memory – speak a poem with different intonation, play timbre, read loudly and quietly, slowly and patter or whisper.
Motor memory – accompany the process of memorization with gestures, facial expressions or gestures appropriate or associated with the content of the verse.
What poems best develop memory
In order not to discourage children’s interest in poetry, select poems that match the age of the child, with a beautiful, melodic sound and a fascinating plot.
In 2-3 years, poems will do, where there is a lot of action, objects, toys and animals known to the child. Volume – 1-2 quatrains. Well perceived counters. Time tested poems A. Barto, K. Chukovsky, E. Blaginina, S. Mikhalkov.
The use of poetry for the brain
Every year new words appear in the child’s vocabulary, the text can be chosen more difficult, with abstract phenomena, a description of nature. Fairy tales in verses are of interest – “The Little Humpbacked Horse” by P. Ershov, “On Tsar Saltan” by A. Pushkin.
The level of development of logical thinking is improved and allows you to understand the complex means of expressiveness of the language, epithets, synonyms. For memory training, you can learn I. Krylov’s fables, poems and poems by A.S. Pushkin, N.A. Nekrasov, M.Yu. Lermontov, F.I. Tyutcheva, A.T. Tvardovsky.
In adolescence, children are interested in poems by E. Asadov, S.A. Yesenina, M.I. Tsvetaeva.
If, from early childhood, a parent is inculcated in the child a taste for poetry and reading, they can have no doubt that school will be a pleasure.